Montana, United States
Mount Cleveland is the highest mountain in Glacier National Park, located in Montana, United States. It is also the highest point in the Lewis Range, which spans part of the northern portion of the Park and extends into Canada. It is located approximately 3 mi (5 km) southeast of the southern end of Waterton Lake, and approximately 5 mi (8 km) south of the US/Canada border.
While not of great absolute elevation (the mountain is more than 2,300 feet lower than Granite Peak, the highest peak in Montana), Mount Cleveland is notable for its large, steep rise above local terrain. For example, its west flank rises over 5,500 ft (1,720 m) in less than 2 miles (3.2 km); the northwest face, steepest on the mountain, rises 4,000 ft in less than 0.4 miles (2100 ft/0.64 km). The other faces show almost as much vertical relief. This scale and steepness of relief is quite rare in the contiguous United States. Mount Cleveland is also 50th on the list of the peaks in the contiguous US with the most topographic prominence.
The first recorded ascent of Mount Cleveland was in 1924, by members of the Sierra Club. The easiest route on the peak is the West Face route, starting from the Waterton Valley; it is a scramble (Class 3) with the possibility of some short exposed sections (Class 4). Given the nontechnical nature of the route, and the attested presence of Native Americans on other high summits in the area, this summit was probably attained much earlier than 1924.
Other routes include the Stoney Indian Route, from Stoney Indian Pass to the south of the peak, first descended by noted Sierra mountaineer Norman Clyde and party in 1937; various routes on the Southeast Face; and the more difficult North (or Northwest) Face, climbed partially in 1971 and completely in 1976.